The Danish Foundation for Entrepreneurship carries out continuous measurements of the impact of entrepreneurship education, among others as part of a large research project that investigates the immediate and longer-term effects of the education by means of questionnaire surveys and quantitative analyses. The project covers all three levels of the education system and builds up a considerable database to be used in later research.
In primary school
At primary school level we follow, among others, a group of young people who were in the ninth grade in 2010/2011 through their further education and career. The purpose is to look at the effect of the education on their attitude and behaviour in relation with their choice of education, start-up activities, and earnings. In the short term we also investigate the young people’s development of entrepreneurial competences, their connection with school and teachers, as well as their entrepreneurial behaviour. The young people in the survey are representative for their year in relation to age, sex and geography, that is, the analyses allow for general conclusions about the Danish youth population.
In secondary education
In 2014 the young people born in 1996 are well on their way to completing an upper secondary education, and before the end of the project it will be possible to see which choices they have made and how they have succeeded in their further education and career.
In 2012 the Foundation carried out a separate study of an entrepreneurship programme in upper secondary education: Company Programme. Internationally, there has already been a range of studies of whether participants in these programmes have started companies and created jobs. The Foundation therefore studied in depth which entrepreneurial competences the programme strengthened and whether, for instance, there was a difference between the effect on boys and girls. The results can be read in the report 'Impact of Entrepreneurship Education in Denmark – 2012' (see right menu).
In higher education
At university level the students’ entrepreneurial self-efficacy is investigated, that is, their belief in their own abilities in connection with entrepreneurship. In the project a special construct of questions based on earlier research and studies have been developed. Through an analysis of the results of a pre- and post-survey it is thus possible to give a measure of whether or not the students perceive that they have strengthened their entrepreneurial competences through the education. The study is moreover about which kind of teaching gives which results, as well as the impact on the students’ intentions and entrepreneurial behaviour.
The survey includes students from 9 entrepreneurship educations at graduate level from four different universities in Denmark (SDU, AU, DTU and CBS) as well as a control group consisting of students in similar educations.
The longitudinal project is among others designed on the basis of a survey which the Foundation carried out in 2010 as part of the GEM study. One of the results was that entrepreneurship education at the primary educational level leads to this kind of education at the succeeding levels. In line with international studies, the survey also showed that entrepreneurship education leads to a higher income level later in life – for self-employed as well as for employees.